Systematic Analysis of Dinophyta and Chrysophyta in Algoflora of Andijan Water Reservoir

by Ergasheva, X. E.

Ergasheva XE (2014). Systematic Analysis of Dinophyta and Chrysophyta in Algoflora of Andijan Water Reservoir. In Young Scientist USA (p. 20). Auburn, WA: Lulu Press.

The location, climate, and geology of Water reservoirs where is situated place, climate, geology of place concerning geographic isare the most important factors into the evaluateion[LS1]  and spread of water- grasses. Andijan water rReservoir is situated in long distance Kyrgyzstanirgizistan (Osh province) and Uzbekistan (Andijan region) territory, 10 kilometersm from the town of Xonobod town, and 70 kilometersm from the city of Andijan city. This water reservoir was constructed on flat artificially created ground artificiallyon the eastern side of Fergana vValley, around 700–800 metersr from above sea level. Andijan water rReservoir is a hydrotechnical construction project which was built in the Kara- dDarya riverbed. Construction was completed in 1983and was finished having plannedbased on planned Iirrigation-energetics approaches[LS2]  in 1983. The dam that forms Andijan water rReservoir ’s obstacle is 121 meters in height is 121 meter, obstacle lengthand 1,040 meters in length. On[LS3] When emergency flooding reaches 1700 m3/c, it is anticipated that water conductors in the dam will premises of obstacle planned  to drain off excess water through irrigation channels whichthat are water conductive and create water expenditure of 230 m3/c.[LS4]  The Ffull watertotal[LS5]  capacity of the reservoir is 190 mln m3, and the beneficial sizeeffective capacity is 175 mln m3. The Wwater level is 56 km2, its deepwith an average depth ofis 6–8 m,; obstacle the front of the dam is 25 m[LS6] . Length of water rThe reservoir is 26 km long;, the widest place point is 12 km, the narrowest place 1,.5–2 km.

Construction of the reservoir began Iin 1965 construction of water reservoir was started, it had kept on and continued until 1983,; its the water had been usedhas been in use since 1978. The Cclimate of Andijan water rReservoir is consistenlcy continental;, its summers isare hot, cloudless, and dry. According to information from the UzbekistanScientific Research Hydrometerologicaly research iInstitute in Uzbekistan information, there was the average temperature in July is +27,.3 oC in july, and the average temperature in January is 3oC in January in (2006–2008). In the edge part of waterThe water at the edge of the reservoir is water is covered with thin ice in from December to the middle of fFebruary from december. In this territory the wind blows 15–20 m/sec, particular sometimes reachingtime 25–35 m/sec. speed. The Aannual quantity of precipitation is 175–250 mm. Water The reservoir takes in water from the Kara- dDarya, Yassi, Tar[LS7] , Karakulja, and Kurshab rivers. It is sierozem[LS8]  soil. Fundament of obstacleThe base of the dam stretches 10–15 m  on the left edge side to the cliffs, 8–12 m on the right edge side.[LS9]  Water The reservoir has possibility tocan provide water for crops fields of 266,7000 hectares with water and additionally irrigateing 32,8000[LS10]  hectare hectares[LS11] lands.

In resultingA systematic analysiszing of component species[LS12]  components of algoflora in Andijan water rReservoir, it determined showed a total of 418 species and species sorts[LS13] , water- grasses that are due to forms[LS14] . There are 6 branches, 12 classes, 20 orders, 49 families, 116 series, 400 species, 9 forms and 9 species sorts (tTable 1).

 

Table 1. Systematic aAnalysis of aAlgoflora in Andijan water rReservoir (2006–2009years)

 

Branches

Number of Tacsons

cClass

oOrder

fFamily

Series

Species

sSpecies sSorts

Variations

Forms

Cyanophyta

2

4

16

28

100

 

7

Chrysophyta

2

2

2

2

4

1

 

Bacillariophyta

2

4

8

29

112

3

 

Dinophyta

1

1

1

3

15

 

2

Euglenophyta

1

1

1

5

23

 

 

Chlorophyta

4

8

21

49

146

5

 

Total:

12

20

49

116

400

9

9

 

According to determined branches of algoflora components species[LS15] , itthis tableTable 1 indicates thatshows 107 species of Cyanophyta branch water- grasses 107 species,; 5 species of Chrysophyta branch; 5 species, 23 species of Euglenophyta branch; 23 species, and 151 species of Chlorophyta branch 151 species. According to analysis results, there is few in comparision with number of Our analysis showed that comparatively few of the water- grasses species are due tobelong to Dinophyta and Chrysophyta branches.which determined algoflora from Andijan water reservoir. In this branch water-grasses were analysed with tacsonomics. Water- grasses of Dinophytabranch determined totaled 17 species[LS16] 

 (4,.0 %),; they are 1 class, 1 order, 1 family, and 3 series. Dinophyceae class, Peridiniales order, Peridiniaceae Pauls family, Glenodinium (Ehr.) Stein. Series 8 species, Peridinium Ehr. series 5 species, Ceratium Schrauk series 4 species and species sorts were determinedfound. From this branch Glenodinium (Ehr.) Stein series leads in algoflora with numerous species. Systematic analysis of Dinophyta branch wereis given in tTable 2.


 

Table 2. Systematic aAnalysis of wWater -gGrasses in Dinophyta branch

Systematic sSingulars and tTheir nNumber

cClass

oOrder

Family

Series

sSpecies and species sorts number

Dinophyceae

Peridiniales

Peridiniaceae

Glenodinium Ehr. Peridinium Ehr. Ceratium Schrauk

8

5

4

Total:

1

1

3

17

 

While doing sSystematic analysis of Chrysophyta branch water- grasses, found

5 species(1,.1 %),determined, they they are determined 2 classes, 2 orders, 2 familyies,

 and 2 series.

 

Table 3. Systematic aAnalysis of wWater- gGrasses in Chrysophyta branch

 

Systematic sSingulars and tTheir nNumber

 

cClass

 

oOrder

 

fFamily

 

sSpecies

sSpecies and species sorts number

Chrysomonadi Neae

Ochromona-

dales

Euochromonada- ceae Pasch

Dinobryon

Her

4

Chrysocapsi Neae

Hydrura-

Les

Hydruraceae Pasch

Hydrurus Kirchn

1

Total: 2

2

2

2

5

 

Chrysomonadineae class, Ochromonadaleorder, 4 species series owing to Euochromonadaceae Pasch; and Chrysocapsineae class, Hydrurales order, Hydruraceae Pasch. family from Hydrurus Kirchn series one species H. foetidus Kirchdetermined.

The basic part ofcomposition of algoflora branches of water grasses in of Andijan [LS17] water rReservoir being organizedis as follows: Chlorophyta (36,.1 %),Bacillariophyta (27.,7 %), and Cyanophyta (25,.6 %), Euglenophyta (5,.5 %), and branches water-grasses. There are algoflora of water-grasses 5,2 % due to Chrysophyta and Dinophyta together (5.3%) branches[LS18] .

 In algaflora components of Andijan water rReservoir, there are particular reasons why Dinophyta and Chrysophyta branches water-grasses are peculiar reasons having less in comparision with other branch water-grassesoccur less often., firstly First, this[LS19]  branch water- grasses from these two branches show no adaptation with allto the ecological conditions of the environment,. sSecond,ly their living growing activity stops during the hottest and coldest months of the year[LS20] ., tThird,ly Tthey have spread more in urgentfast- flowing water basins in comparision with reservoirthan in reservoirs., fFourth,ly they are seenexist separately with no living contact with other branch species. Besides that, according to the world, if it is knownworldwide there are 42,110 species of water- grasses.,By comparison, Dinophyta at 500 species, and Chrysophyta branch water-grasses organizesat 400 species such as few species by comparingare much fewer in number. In Andijan water reservoir, this branch water-grasses being seen less above information confirmed.Our analysis has confirmed that Dinophyta and Chrisophyta water grasses occur less frequently than other water grasses in Andijan Reservoir.

 

References

1.      Starmach K. Cyanophyta, Polska Akad. Nauk. — Warszawa, 1966. — 216 р.

2.      Utermohl H. Zur Vervollkommnung der quantitativen Phytoplankton- Methodik // Verein. Limnol. — Mitteilungen, 1958. — № 9. — P. 1–38.

3.      Wislouch S. M. Beitrage zur Diatomeen flora von Asien, L, Die Diatomeen des. Balchosch // Sees. Ber. d. d. Bot. Gesellsch., 1956. — № 41 (8). — P 17–21.

4.      Starmach K. Cyanophyta, Polska Akad. Nauk. — Warszawa, 1966. — 216 р.


 [LS1]Not sure what evaluation means here.

 [LS2]I’m not sure about this, I’ve given it my best shot.

 [LS3]It was hard to understand this language, but again I gave it my best shot. I took this sentence to mean that if flooding reaches the 1700m3 etc., water channels release the water with water volume of 230m# etc.

 [LS4]Have writer look at this sentence, I THINK this is what is meant – that when there’s too much water in the dam, some kind of water pipes will drain the water out through irrigation channels – but I can’t picture that. Needs to be clarified.

 [LS5]I found an online site about the reservoir which used “total capacity” and “effective capacity, so I used those.

 [LS6]What is “Obstacle front”? is the height of the front of the dam? Needs clarification.

 [LS7]I found no reference on the Internet to this river, is it spelled correctly?

 [LS8]Encyclopedia Britannica says “sierozem”, which means alkaline.

 [LS9]I’m trying to visualize what is meant. I think it means the base of the dam is 10-15 side on the left side and 8-12 meters wide on the right, but it still doesn’t seem to make sense.

 [LS10]Something is wrong with these numbers, too many zeros! I’m assuming it should be changed.

 [LS11]This also wasn’t clear. Does the dam irrigate crop fields and some other kinds of fields?

 [LS12]A little internet research showed this order for the words, but that will need to be checked.

 [LS13]I didn’t find this term, maybe there’s a better word in English – translation should be checked. What’s the difference between a “species” and a “species sort”? Could the correct word be “subspecies”?

 [LS14]Not sure what this means? “due to” means “caused by”, how can they be “caused by” forms?

 [LS15]??? maybe it should be this.

 [LS16]These sentences are very unclear in meaning. First, does the writer mean that there were fewer species in Dinophyta an Chrysophyta branches? What determines algoflora from the reservoir? Which branch was analyzed with tacsonomics, or were they all analyzed that way? I’m just not sure what “determine” means here – is it about the findings of the study, or did something cause something else?

 [LS17]Check and see if this is correct.

 [LS18]I don’t understand why the two groups of grasses are listed separately. Is there some reason? Otherwise, I would just list them all in descending percentage order.

 [LS19]He appears to be talking about two branches, so I’ve changed all to plural.

 [LS20]I’m guessing this means these two branches spread more in fast flowing water than in the resersvoir.